Category Archives: Fuels

What is Oil Energy, Uses of Oil Energy, Disadvantages of Oil

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Oil is a natural substance but the basic definition says that it is a liquid substance at room temperature which is hydrophobic but it can be dissolved in many organic solvents. This natural resource is present in many parts of the world and has plenty of applications. This natural resource is getting scarce to the immense use of oil in industry and automobiles. Therefore the world is looking for alternative energy sources to replace oil. This is an efficient energy and fuel source no alternative fuel is still able to match its properties. Oil has very high carbon and hydrogen content. Oil is a non-renewable source of energy.

Uses of Oil Energy
Liquid oil is many uses to us. This liquid oil is most commonly used in generating electricity and as a fuel in cars. Oil is burnt to run steam turbines to produce electricity. This is highly efficient way of generating heat to support production of electricity. However it is getting expensive day by day due the soaring prices of oil and scarcity of this resource. Natural oil is found in many parts of the world but is most commonly found in Middle East and in some parts of Europe. Oil is used as a fuel in cars, buses, tractors and industrial machinery. The oil which is used in vehicles is known as petrol and diesel. Crude oil is used in many industrial products like in detergents, in fertilizers, paints, plastics, petroleum products, medicines and in the formation of synthetic rubber. Other than liquid crude oil, there are many other different types of oils. The oil is also derived from vegetables, plants and animals. Such kinds of oils include olive oil; flex seed oil, palm oil, corn oil, coconut oil, almond oil and cod-liver oil.

Types Petroleum Products & Types of Oils
Oil is extracted form the earth and it is taken to oil refineries via oil tankers. This oil is processed to diesel, ethane, gasoline, jet fuel, fuel oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas and petrol. Essential lubricants are also produced from oil like motor oil and grease. Liquid fuels include aviation gasoline, diesel fuels, turbine fuels and antiknock additives. Petroleum is also an important product in Producing paraffin wax and petroleum jelly for dry skin. Petrol is used in industrial machinery in tractors for cultivation, in ambulances for carrying people and in off grid electricity generators. Petrol increases the efficiency of the engine. Thus it is practical to achieve the speed of 200 miles in motor cars. Petrol is the most efficient fuel for cars and related products. Liquid oil is a major fuel component of airplane’s.

Effect of Oil Energy on Environment, Disadvantages of Oil Energy

The burning of oil releases huge quantities of smoke in the air. This smoke is full of harmful gases like hydrogen, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide thus polluting our air. The oil is often spilled into the ocean from the oil containing ships. This results in the killing of aquatic animals in huge numbers. Many different gases are released into the air by cars, planes and the industrial processes. The burning of the gases has destroyed the upper layer of oxygen on our earth which protects us from harmful ultra violet rays of sun. The unchecked burning of oil, coal and gas in the old industrial units is significantly adding fuel to the fire. The machinery in such industrial units is old and is not designed to the principle of green energies. As users of industrial products and electricity we are also obliged to use products and electricity of only those suppliers who are using green or environment friendly technology. For better health and survival we should find ways to treat the waste of liquid oil.

Hybrid Renewable Energy

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Hybrid renewable energy technology is the latest innovation in the field of technology. This idea is penetrating rapidly not only at commercial level but also on household level. It facilitates when one system fail to work it is automatically switched to the second system. In this way multiple sources of energy are attached on preference level that which system should start work after the failure of first system.

Drawback in Renewable energy

The concept of renewable energy is quickly making its place because of the environment threat. Majority of the renewable energies are from natural environment for example sun, wind, tide, wave etc. They are all weather dependant like if sun is shining brightly then solar panels would be able to produce energy similarly if wind is blowing at a certain rate per hour it would renewable in to electricity. Same is the case with wave and tidal phenomenon.

Applying one system to gain energy is fine as we need energy to perform various tasks now what if that one system fails to work? This situation develops the concept of Hybrid renewable energy.

Mechanism of Hybrid Renewable Energy

In hybrid renewable energy system is designed by joining multiple power systems on to one port so that if one fails seconds starts the same work and in case of second system failure third comes to take its place for the continuation of same work. This hybrid renewable energy is where profitable there are certain issues to put it in function.

Features of Hybrid Renewable Energy

Hybrid renewable energy is of versatile and has many useful features;

  1. As it is renewable so it is in abundance and long lasting.
  2. It is cheap source of energy as hybrid is built among sustainable and renewable energies. Only solar energy is costly among all these sources. Research is carrying on this to make it accessible to every layman.
  3. It emits less rather zero carbon dioxide in the environment.

Hybrid Renewable Energy is guaranteed clean and safe source of energy. It helps to decrease the pollution level. It ensures the supply of energy in the form of heat or electricity even in every condition as it hybrids with the other sources of energy to shift on them one by one. In some areas wind is blowing at certain level which is suitable for hybrid like solar + wind. In hot region hybrid of solar + fuel is quite effective. We can put solar energy in preference and in case of bad weather or during night hours it can be switched to fuel system. Also if a hybrid of solar + generator is created it will be a good source of energy in daylight consuming sunlight directly and using the generator at night with solar conserving power.

Disadvantages of Hybrid Renewable Energy

Individual energy has its own separate set up so it needs proper place to arrange them without making them an obstacle at home or company.

  1. It need special environment like solar energy is not attainable if clouds drifting on the sky. Solar panels would be ineffective in case of dim sunlight. Their capacity of producing energy becomes less. Also it is ineffective in the evening or night hours.
  2. Hybrid renewable technology is dependent on the region and capacity. It is not possible to utilize every type of renewable technology where you want. As there is changing of weather around the year same with the different continents. Some areas are hot some are cold. So it is not possible to apply the hybrid of renewable energies. There is need to attach fossil fuel energy system with either solar, water or wind renewable energies.

What is Ethanol Fuel, Types of Ethanol Fuel, Uses of Ethanol

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Ethanol fuel is the ethyl alcohol which is a kin to alcohol which is used for drinking. Ethanol fuel is of many different types and hence it is used as fuel source to support transportation needs of cars. Ethanol fuel is a renewable energy source because it can be produced again and used again and again without depleting the original sources. Ethanol is produced from the crops and wood mostly. This wood, grass and crops can be grown again and again. On the other hand if we only use oil as fuel, it will end one day the reason is that crude oil is present in the crust of earth and it belongs to earth.

Types of Ethanol Fuels
Two major types of ethanol fuels are bio fuel and cellulosic ethanol. Ethanol fuels like bio ethanol is renewable energy source because it is produced from the used vegetable oil. It is prepared from the crops like maize, sugar cane, potato and rice. This bio fuel is environment friendly and its production cost is very low. On the other hand cellulosic fuel is produced from the grass, wood and edible pats of the plants. This alternative fuel source can help overcome fuel crisis at affordable low cost.

Ethanol Fuel Power Plant outside Norrköping

Ethanol Fuel Power Plant outside Norrköping

Ethanol Fuel and its Applications
Ethanol fuel is most helpful in producing environment friendly engines. Ethanol is capable of supporting the engine of farm tractors but it is most feasible to use in car engines only. The ethanol fuel not only increases the efficiency of engine but it is also very low cost. This efficiency can be achieved only in ethanol friendly engines. The ordinary engines consume 51% more ethanol than gasoline. The consumption of ethanol due to its low cost has increased from the year 2001 to 2008 three times what it used be previously. Ethanol fuel is extensively used in countries like USA and Brazil. People have devised ways to produce bio ethanol from crops in order to use it as an inexpensive fuel. USA alone produces 9000 gallons per year followed by Brazil (7000 gallons per year) and European Union (8000 gallons per year). Worldwide production of ethanol fuel is on its way. Ethanol fuel source is extracted from crops and wine. Therefore most of the free wine ponds are converted to ethanol production distilleries. Iowa state university has recently done an experiment in which fiber from the corn is converted to bio ethanol fuel. This biofuel is really helpful in replacing the half of the auto fuel. Hence its production and units of production should grow fast. It is easy to switch to this fuel source because any engine can be made compatible to work with it.

Ethanol Production in The world

Worldwide ethanol is produced but it is most commonly produced and associated with USA and Brazil. Ethanol fuel industry in Brazil is working from almost thirty years. Hence now it is at its maturity stage. The Brazilian government gave many incentives to people and industry to work on this useful fuel reservoir. The incentives which stimulated the working of ethanol fuel were low interest loans for ethanol refineries, tax incentives and fuel bought by government owned refineries at rational prices. It is the need of time that the governments of the under develop countries like Bangladesh, India and Pakistan also build ethanol distilleries. These countries are rich in agriculture resources hence ethanol would help them lower the burden of oil import from the economy. The addiction to foreign oil and gasoline by various underdeveloped countries of the world can be lowered by shifting to ethanol blends and ethanol as fuel.

Advantages of Ethanol Fuel

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Ethanol Fuel is a type of Alternative fuel to put back the traditional fuels as a step taken to protect the environment and we are going to discuss ethanol fuel advantages. There are many advantages to adopt Ethanol as a fuel;

Ethanol Fuel as Organic Fuel

The origin of Ethanol fuel is organic and therefore known as bio-fuel. It is produced directly and indirectly from crop. It is obtained directly from corn, sugarcane and grains and indirectly from paper waste. By the process of fermentation these things are converted into Ethanol.

Ethanol Fuel as a Source of Renewable Energy

Avery important point regarding Ethanol is that it is a renewable source of energy. In present scenario renewable source of energies are in demand so is the case with Ethanol. As the demand is increasing so is the Ethanol production.

Ethanol Fuel Ease of Access

Ethanol is a bio-fuel and is present in large quantities therefore easily accessible. Ethanol Fuel is a renewable source of energy and has the capacity to be available in future. As corn is the staple food so it is cultivated in many countries as a source for fuel. You need not to bother about its consumption.

Ethanol Fuel Advantage of Independency

A big harvest of corn or other bio mass is a great source of fuel to replace the fossil fuel. This gives in dependency of personal fuel needs. There remains no need to import fuels from other countries. In this way a large amount is saved for the better consumption.

Ethanol Fuel Advantage of Employability

When the production of Ethanol is increased it has also provided the opportunity of employment. Employ-ability is directly proportional to the cultivation of Ethanol source.

Ethanol Fuel is Cost-Effective

As every country has the capacity to produce bio-fuel therefore it is not expensive. As compared to the fossil fuels, ethanol fuel is quite economic. Fossil fuel which is imported from other countries to meet the demands plays havoc upon the economy. It is better to harvest a big crop of ethanol which would not only be cost-effective individually but also save the revenue.

Ethanol Fuel Reduces GHG gases

The biggest advantage of Ethanol Fuel is that it does not increase the pollution level. Burning Ethanol Fuel in vehicle produces less toxic effects in the environment. Ethanol is prepared as a fuel by adding Ethanol and gasoline in the proportion of 85 / 15. This less amount of gasoline does the work of igniter and then Ethanol performs the rest of function. This proportion reduces the amount of GHG gases in environment as it burns cleaner as compared to gasoline.

Ethanol Fuel is Environmental Friendly

Damaging Ozone layer has been becoming a global issue as it is destroying the environment for the healthy survival of living beings on earth. Now the world is standing at the orifice of destruction. Advantage of Using Ethanol fueling system acts as a souvenir to the earth a little bit we must shake hand with.

Ethanol Fuel Promotes Agriculture

For the production of Ethanol Fuel there is needed to increase the agriculture revenue. Such step taken by the government will really work as a booster for the agriculture to set a base for self sufficient fueling reservoirs.

Ethanol Fuel is Hydrogen Producer

Ethanol Fuel itself works as a fuel. Researchers are busy carrying out to make it a better fuel removing all its side effects to make it an efficient energy source. Still there are some disadvantages come in front while using Ethanol as a fuel. Although it burn cleaner yet it starts corrosion very soon in the engine. To use it in a better and productive way scientists are thinking to convert it in hydrogen form which is an alternative source of fuel. It is considered to be more effective way of using Ethanol in the form of hydrogen fuel.

What are Alternative Fuels

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As fuel is used to perform different energy needed task. There are different types of fuel which are used by human beings for centuries. These are fossil fuels, natural gas, uranium and propane. Fossil fuel is a sustainable source of energy yet the higher carbon gas emitter. As the carbon particles are polluting the environment and raising the issue of greenhouse gases there is need to find an alternative fuel. These alternative fuels are supposed to be less pollutant and zero percent carbon emitter.

 

Alternative fuels are energy efficient and are designed to reduce the GHG emission. No doubt traditional fuels like wood, gas and petroleum are highly reliable and expensive source of fuel yet they are the major source of GHG emission. There is need to develop such fuels which should emit less or zero carbon gases and environment friendly as well. Alternative fuel types are such step towards the gaining of better environment.

 

Scientists are busy to do experimenting for fuels which give energy but don’t increase the carbon level. They are presenting alternative solution to the traditional source. There are different types of alternative fuels. Incentive is given to make the people keen for the alternative fuels. As the earth’s environment is on the verge of destruction there is need to shift towards the alternative fuels in every possible walk of life.

 

There are different types of alternative fuels contributing amazingly in the step towards healthy environment. Some important are

 

1.       Ethanol

2.      Methanol

3.      Hydrogen

4.      Nuclear energy

 

Ethanol is an important source of alternative fuel. It is the source of fuel produced by the callus. Fermentation is the process to originate the alternative fuel. It is non-emitter of GHG gases so is desirable to use because there is no emission of GHG gases. More and more crops of wheat are growing for eating as well as for alternative fuel source. As produced from corn it is not only simple but also cost-effective. A great advantage of using Ethanol is that it enhances the agriculture. As agriculture is reducing in industrial cities which is the main reason of intensifying GHG emission this important invention of Ethanol is once again reversing the population towards agriculture. A major disadvantage of using Ethanol as a fuel is that it is originated from corn which is a staple food. Moreover, as a fuel it is not an energy efficient source. So its reliability is being conditioned to its more important use as a food.

Methanol, quite similar to Ethanol in its origin is far better and far more reliable than Ethanol. Being an alternative fuel it is environment friendly source. Methanol is prepared from wood by burning it into coal. Also coal is the source for Methanol. Natural gas is another important provider of Methanol. Another source for the production of Methanol is the fermentation of waste. Sewage material and manure mass is used to produce methanol gas. It is supposed to replace the use of gasoline. It increases the efficiency of engine. It emits less emission and gives the vehicles high performance. Methanol is not a reliable source of fuel as it is harmful for the rubber system for fuel. Another important feature of Methanol is that it can easily convert into hydrogen which is our most important alternative fuel.

 

Hydrogen, a strong element with the never broken bonding, is an important source of alternative fuel. It is an attractive and practical invention which has a long term reliability and purity. It is reliable as the bond is the strongest. As long as it is working there is no uncertainty in its efficiency. It is testified that in vehicles use of hydrogen is the 100 % energy efficiency and zero emission. A greater advantage of using hydrogen is that it is sustainable source of energy. Water is the main source which is present in larger portion of earth. A great disadvantage is that formation of hydrogen element is more energy consuming than its usage.