“Kyoto Protocol” is the code of behavior set by UNFCCC to overpower the environmental crisis ratified at Kyoto. What are the environmental crises?
- Increasing amount of Carbon gases in air.
- Continuous threat of global warming.
- More and more industrial activities.
- Lessen the green elements from environment.
- Rise in the pollution level.
“Kyoto Protocol” is a treaty made in 1997 after foreseen the environmental crises. It is to be presented by UNFCCC port to aware the countries about global environment issue. It is said that there is need to reduce the industrial activities and using such technologies which are less carbon gases emitter. Another option for the excess carbon emitter countries was that they will follow the tradition of trading means they will depend upon other countries which are non-industrial or even have the capacity to reduce their emission level.
Although all the points in treaty were quite authentic and reason to be signed with harmony yet it took eight years to come into process. The reason was there was ratio of 55 %: 55 that the condition was at least 55 countries to be the member of this treaty that collectively reduce 55% of GHG emission. The target sets for the participant countries was cavil at 5.2 % as whole. This percentage is further distributed according to the countries contribution level to the environment. Some are at alarming level others are in need of increase while some are moderate so is the case with allotment of the reduction target.
It is observed that target sets in 1997 have been increased when ratified at 2005. The treaty would be renewed in 2012 after the negotiation among participant countries. The target is still inaccessible because no one is serious about global warming and do not consider it their responsibility. They are ignoring the individual contribution and hesitate to reduce their industrial activities or even adopting the safe ways for the disposal of waste.
The three major areas have been set to monitor the environment effected activities in the Kyoto Protocol. These are;
- GHG Emission Trading
- CDM (Clean Development Mechanism
- JI (Joint Implementation)
The impact of GHG emission trading is also not efficient because India and China once in need of boost the industry who bought the credits from America are now the enormous pollutant countries. This has taken the reverse affect on the environment.
“Kyoto Protocol” was ratified to make it an obligation to fulfill by the participant countries. At time the enthusiastic countries concerned for the global environment has been overlooked in the coming century. They were not ready to do compromise on the issue of Global warming.
The Kyoto Protocol has a particular frame structure according to the economies of different countries. As there are three categories;
- Advanced Countries
- Developed Countries
- Underdeveloped Countries
Advanced countries are those which have attained the balance between production, emission and recycling.
Developed countries are the major contributors towards the crises of global warming and GHG emissions. They are the target countries in the treaty to be ratified and forcefully advised to reduce the emission level.
Developed countries are the centre of the pressure from UNFCCC and are monitored according to a plan devised by UNFCCC. Registry system is there to enter a full record. Every country has the log to fill and report the organization their yearly activities. This record helps to track the activities and provide opportunity to check the responsible country. The organization refreshes the compliance to remind the participant their responsibilities and obligations. This organization presents the plan to follow during the high level of GHG emission level to resist the danger.
Underdeveloped countries are the helping hand for the developed countries to assist them by signing the emission trading.