Oil is a natural substance but the basic definition says that it is a liquid substance at room temperature which is hydrophobic but it can be dissolved in many organic solvents. This natural resource is present in many parts of the world and has plenty of applications. This natural resource is getting scarce to the immense use of oil in industry and automobiles. Therefore the world is looking for alternative energy sources to replace oil. This is an efficient energy and fuel source no alternative fuel is still able to match its properties. Oil has very high carbon and hydrogen content. Oil is a non-renewable source of energy.
Uses of Oil Energy
Liquid oil is many uses to us. This liquid oil is most commonly used in generating electricity and as a fuel in cars. Oil is burnt to run steam turbines to produce electricity. This is highly efficient way of generating heat to support production of electricity. However it is getting expensive day by day due the soaring prices of oil and scarcity of this resource. Natural oil is found in many parts of the world but is most commonly found in Middle East and in some parts of Europe. Oil is used as a fuel in cars, buses, tractors and industrial machinery. The oil which is used in vehicles is known as petrol and diesel. Crude oil is used in many industrial products like in detergents, in fertilizers, paints, plastics, petroleum products, medicines and in the formation of synthetic rubber. Other than liquid crude oil, there are many other different types of oils. The oil is also derived from vegetables, plants and animals. Such kinds of oils include olive oil; flex seed oil, palm oil, corn oil, coconut oil, almond oil and cod-liver oil.
Types Petroleum Products & Types of Oils
Oil is extracted form the earth and it is taken to oil refineries via oil tankers. This oil is processed to diesel, ethane, gasoline, jet fuel, fuel oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas and petrol. Essential lubricants are also produced from oil like motor oil and grease. Liquid fuels include aviation gasoline, diesel fuels, turbine fuels and antiknock additives. Petroleum is also an important product in Producing paraffin wax and petroleum jelly for dry skin. Petrol is used in industrial machinery in tractors for cultivation, in ambulances for carrying people and in off grid electricity generators. Petrol increases the efficiency of the engine. Thus it is practical to achieve the speed of 200 miles in motor cars. Petrol is the most efficient fuel for cars and related products. Liquid oil is a major fuel component of airplane’s.
Effect of Oil Energy on Environment, Disadvantages of Oil Energy
The burning of oil releases huge quantities of smoke in the air. This smoke is full of harmful gases like hydrogen, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide thus polluting our air. The oil is often spilled into the ocean from the oil containing ships. This results in the killing of aquatic animals in huge numbers. Many different gases are released into the air by cars, planes and the industrial processes. The burning of the gases has destroyed the upper layer of oxygen on our earth which protects us from harmful ultra violet rays of sun. The unchecked burning of oil, coal and gas in the old industrial units is significantly adding fuel to the fire. The machinery in such industrial units is old and is not designed to the principle of green energies. As users of industrial products and electricity we are also obliged to use products and electricity of only those suppliers who are using green or environment friendly technology. For better health and survival we should find ways to treat the waste of liquid oil.